Nghĩa Của Từ Shame On You Là Gì

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For many policymakers, economic sanctions have become the tool of choice khổng lồ respond lớn major geopolitical challenges such as terrorism & conflict.

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A reflection of a yearly chart of U.S. dollars and Russian rubles is seen on ruble notes. (Kacper Pempel/Reuters)
Sanctions have become one of the most favored tools for governments lớn respond to foreign policy challenges.Sanctions can include travel bans, asset freezes, arms embargoes, and trade restrictions.The United States has more than two dozen sanctions regimes: some target specific countries such as Cubố và Iran, others are aimed at curbing activities includingterrorism and drug trafficking.
Governments và multinational bodies impose economic sanctions to try lớn alter the strategic decisions of state and nonstate actors that threaten their interests or violate international norms of behavior. Critics say sanctions are often poorly conceived và rarely successful in changing a target’s conduct, while supporters contkết thúc they have become more effective sầu in recent years và remain an essential foreign policy tool. Sanctions have been the defining feature of the Western response lớn several geopolitical challenges, including North Korea’s nuclear program and Russia’s intervention in Ukraine. In recent years, the United States has expanded the use of sanctions, applying them & ramping them up against adversaries in Iran, Russia, Syria, & Venezuela.

What are economic sanctions?


Economic sanctions are defined as the withdrawal of customary trade và financial relations for foreign- and security-policy purposes. Sanctions may be comprehensive sầu, prohibiting commercial activity with regard to lớn an entire country, like the long-standing U.S. embargo of Cutía, or they may be targeted, blocking transactions by và with particular businesses, groups, or individuals.

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Sanctions

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Since 9/11, there has been a pronounced shift toward targeted or so-called smart sanctions, which alặng to minimize the suffering of innocent civilians. Sanctions take a variety of forms, including travel bans, asphối freezes, arms embargoes, capital restraints, foreign aid reductions, & trade restrictions. (General export controls , which are not punitive, are often excluded from sanctions discussions.)

When are sanctions used?


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National governments & international bodies such as the United Nations và European Union have sầu imposed economic sanctions khổng lồ coerce, deter, punish, or shame entities that endanger their interests or violate international norms of behavior. Sanctions have been used to advance a range of foreign policy goals, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, nonproliferation, democracy and human rights promotion, conflict resolution, và cybersecurity.

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Sanctions, while a khung of intervention, are generally viewed as a lower-cost, lower-risk course of action between diplomacy & war. Policymakers may consider sanctions as a response to foreign crises in which the national interest is less than vital or where military action is not feasible. Leaders have, on occasion, issued sanctions while they evaluated more punitive sầu action. For example, the UN Security Council imposed comprehensive sầu sanctions against Iraq just four days after Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. The Security Council did not authorize the use of military force until months later.